Cardiopulmonary diseases are the medical terms used to describe a diverse group of serious disorders that affect the heart and lungs. Treatment options vary depending on the type of cardiopulmonary disease present and may include changes in diet or lifestyle, use of medicines obtained on prescription or surgery.The most common cardiopulmonary diseases are high blood pressure, stroke and coronary heart disease. Untreated, can be fatal cardiopulmonary disease.
Heart and lungs have a relatively strong relationship with each other, and problems involving one organ may affect him on the other. For example, a person suffering from coronary heart disease will have difficulty with efficient pumping of blood to oxygenate the lungs. Close link between lung and heart function can cause a number of reactions that can cause complications and can cause medical emergencies, especially when a patient already has other serious health problems.
Types of cardiopulmonary disease
- Hypertension or high blood pressure is one of the most common types of cardiopulmonary conditions. The most common causes of high blood pressure include kidney disease, damage to blood vessels or use of certain medications.
Many people who suffer from hypertension arteraiala not show any symptoms, although some may experience headache, dizziness or nosebleeds. Treatment for high blood pressure depends on the exact cause of it, although dietary changes and use of prescription drugs are the measures most frequently.
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is characterized by the presence of breath that is difficult and cause further heart problems that occur over time. This is because the heart is overworked and have to work harder than normal in the lungs for oxygenation.
- Stroke can be caused sometimes cardiopulmonary diseases. Stroke occurs when there is a disturbance involving blood flow, and oxygen delivery to the brain.
Symptoms often include weakness or numbness, especially on one side of the body. May be other manifestations such as visual disturbances, severe headache and confusion. A stroke is a medical emergency and requires immediate medical evaluation. May need surgery to remove bottlenecks that have contributed to the onset of stroke.Contribute to the development of cardiopulmonary disease and coronary artery disease. Coronary artery disease develops when blood vessels narrow and heart symptoms, such as shortness of breath or chest pain. If the condition is not treated promptly, can result in heart attack or even death. Treatment involves the use of prescription medications designed to treat individual symptoms, although it may be necessary even surgery.
- Rheumatic fever is another potential cause cardiopulmonary disease. This is a condition that is caused by streptococcus infection in the throat, which was not treated properly. Treatment of rheumatic fever begins with the use of antibiotics prescription issued for the reduction and removal of persistent infection.
Other causes of cardiopulmonary disorders
Among the possible causes that can cause cardiopulmonary disease include:
- congestive heart failure
- pulmonary embolism
- coarctation of aorta
- tetralogy of Fallot
- aortic stenosis
- mitral stenosis
- aortic regurgitation
- mitral regurgitation
Cardiopulmonary disease symptoms
People who have cardiopulmonary disease may experience symptoms such as shortness of breath, dizziness, bluish extremities, chest pain, hypertension, dyspnea, wheezing, chest pain (especially after exercise), which may radiate to the jaw or of arms, sudden sweating, anxiety and nausea or vomiting. Over time, symptoms may worsen.
Cardiopulmonary disease can involve inflammation, which may contribute to airway narrowing and with coronary artery disease infections and complications.
If a doctor suspects a cardiopulmonary diseases will require tests to analyze lung function to learn more about the health of the lungs. Specialist may still advise patients to achieve:
- exercise stress test
- Holter monitor test
- other medical imaging studies.
All these investigations, and other specialist indicated, are designed to assess current levels of functioning of the heart and lungs, to gather information that might clarify the situation of the patient and to contribute to more accurate diagnosis.
Treatment options and prevention of cardiovascular disease may include medication, changes in diet, exercise, surgery, stress management, blood pressure control, diabetes management, maintaining a normal body weight, and other lifestyle changes.
Cardiopulmonary rehabilitation can begin after the patient suffered a cardiopulmonary eventiment major, such as replacement heart valves, heart attack, coronary stent etc. and can be recommended in patients suffering from less severe cardiovascular disease, such as angina, asthma, chronic bronchitis or emphysema.
Exercise as part of rehabilitation include especially cardio or aerobic exercise cardio exercises that help strengthen the cardiovascular system and are designed to improve function. In this way, the heart will function better and will be irrigated so she and other organs of the body with oxygen-rich blood.