Causes and symptoms of pelvic pain

Pelvic region is located between the navel and the groin in front of the body. In this region are located reproductive organs, and urinary system and digestive system.
Pelvic pain is discomfort that occurs in the lower abdomen. This pain can be a symptom of a wide range of conditions: a sign of infertility, digestive disturbance or alarm signal could be of an urgent problem that may endanger a person’s life.

Possible causes of pelvic pain in women

  • Appendicitis, inflammation of the appendix is ​​a tube consisting of a test connected to the large intestine. Manifestations include sharp pain in the right lower abdomen (near the groin), vomiting and fever. If you have these symptoms, go to hospital as soon as possible. Appendix must be surgically removed before it burst and spread infection inside the abdomen. Otherwise, can be life-threatening.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome is a chronic digestive disorder that causes recurrent pain in lower abdomen, cramping, diarrhea, bloating or constipation. Doctors do not know exactly what the triggers, but there are strategies to control symptoms. These include dietary changes, stress management, and use of medications to treat diarrhea or constipation.
  • Painful ovulation, if you have painful twinges halfway between your menstrual periods, you are likely during ovulation. The type of ovulation, the ovary releases an egg with a certain amount of fluid and blood, which could irritate the stomach lining. Pain can alternate from month to month. This symptom is not to signal a serious and resolves within a few hours.
  • Premenstrual syndrome, it is known that can cause mood swings, but also appetite. May cause abdominal cramps, back pain, headaches, breast tenderness to touch and acne. Are guilty hormonal changes. Stress, lack of exercise and some vitamins needed by the body deficit could worsen symptoms. Lifestyle changes and medications are helpful in most cases.
  • Menstrual cramps,  every month you uterus lining builds a lining called endometrium, preparing it for implantation and development of any embryo.

If you become pregnant, this lining breaks down and the body prepares for the next menstrual cycle. Menstrual cramps occur when the uterus is contracting to remove blood. Cramps are felt in the lower abdomen or in the back, between one and three days. Use antialergicelor and local heat applications may be useful for reducing menstrual cramps.

  • Ectopic pregnancy, this is a life-threatening emergency that requires immediate medical intervention. An ectopic pregnancy develops when an embryo is implanted and grows somewhere outside the uterus, usually in a fallopian tube. Manifestations include sharp pelvic pain or cramps (localized in one side of the body), vaginal bleeding, nausea and dizziness.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease,  is one of the most serious complications of STDs. May cause permanent damage to the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes. It is the leading cause of infertility in women. Symptoms include pain located in the lower abdomen, fever, abnormal vaginal discharge, pain when urinating or during intercourse. Can be treated with antibiotics and in severe cases, surgery may be necessary.
  • Ovarian cysts, during the menstrual cycle, a follicle will reach maturity and will release the egg. Occasionally, the follicle does not open to release the egg or it will reclose after its release and is filled with fluid, forming a cyst. It is usually harmless and disappear on their own, but larger cysts can cause pelvic pain, weight gain and frequent urination. Ovarian cysts can be diagnosed by pelvic examination or during ultrasound.
  • Uterine fibroids, they grow on the wall of the uterus and are sometimes called fibroid tumors, but not cancer. Fibroids are common in women older than 30 years and not accompanied by symptoms. However, some women may experience pressure in the abdomen, back pain, minor, heavy menstrual periods, pain during intercourse or difficulties in getting pregnant.
  • Endometriosis,  in some women, endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus, on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, bladder, intestines, and other parts of the body. During menstruation, this tissue will decompose, but there was no way they could be removed from the body. The result is the formation of scar tissue, whereby the task will be difficult to obtain. Currently, endometriosis can not be cured.
  • Urinary tract infections,  urinary tract infection starts when germs enter the urinary tract. It can be located anywhere from the urethra, the bladder, ureters or kidneys. Symptoms include pressure in the lower abdomen, painful urination, and frequent urge to urinate. If it spreads to the kidneys, can cause permanent damage. Signs of a bladder infection include fever, nausea, vomiting and pain in the lower back.
  • Kidney stones,  are deposits of salt and minerals of various sizes. When moving from the kidneys to the bladder, urine can cause sudden and excruciating pain in the abdomen and pelvis. Paote be bloody urine.
  • Interstitial cystitis, a chronic and painful condition that involves inflammation of the bladder. The cause is unknown. People who have severe disease may feel the need to urinate several times during one hour. Other symptoms include pressure above the pubic area, painful urination and pain during intercourse. The condition is especially common in women aged between 30 and 40 years. Treatment is symptomatic.

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