Dental abscess

Dental abscess,  Shows an abscessed tooth is a tooth that has a pocket of pus in the tissues surrounding it.

Pus is formed when the body tries to fight bacterial infection.
To reduce pain and swelling of the face and cheek caused by a tooth abscess recommend compress (bag) with ice on the outside of the cheek. Avoid heat!
It may also try, medicines obtained without a prescription, which relieves pain in the face or cheek.

Causes

One trauma (impact) of the tooth, an untreated cavity, a disease of the gums can be causes of dental abscess. If a tooth cavity is not treated, the inside of – that tooth pulp – can become infected. Bacteria can spread from the tooth to surrounding tissues and below, forming an abscess. Gum disease leads to tooth near gum removal, leaving empty spaces. If in one of these areas accumulate food debris in that place to grow bacteria, resulting in the formation of an abscess. Abscess can destroy the bone around the tooth.

Symptoms

Can occur:
– Throbbing pain, especially during mastication (chewing) or to achieve tooth
– Gums red, swollen
– A bad taste in the mouth
– Swelling in any area of ​​the mouth, face, upper or lower part of the cheek or neck
– fever
– Change tooth color, which is gray or pink
– A lump like a pimple (a gathering of gum) on the gums or from tongue from cheek, near the tooth
– Yellow pus or blood consistently flowing from the red, swollen like a pimple in the mouth
– The feeling that the tooth is pulled from its root and the mouth can not be closed properly
As the infection spreads, it is possible to fall in pain intensity. This happens because the jawbone nearby begins to dissolve. If too much bone is lost, the tooth will become less fixed and it may require extraction.
Emergency recommend consulting your dentist if the pain has not improved after 2 hours of taking a painkiller at home. If it is a tooth abscess, it may indicate spread of infection.
It is recommended that a dental checkup as soon as possible in the following situations:
– Mild to moderate pain detara
– Dental pain associated with a fever of 38 degrees Celsius or above
– Swelling of the mouth, face or jaw
– A tooth that is very sensitive and hurts when pressure is on it (such as during chewing).

Investigations

Your dentist will examine your mouth to identify the presence of swelling or other signs of infection that suggest a dental abscess. Will hit slightly tooth, you put a hot or cold object will examine the tooth and gum around the tooth. Will also be questions about pain, how long it lasts and where it is located exactly.
It may be necessary to perform dental radiography.

Treatment – general

Dental abscess is treated by the dentist.
To treat a dental abscess is recommended:
– Antibiotics to destroy the bacteria that caused the infection
– It creates a “hole” at the top or back of the tooth, so that it can be drained infection. Usually, this will result in pain relief.
– If necessary, make a small incision in the swollen area near the tooth so they can be draining.
If the inside (pulp) is infected tooth, the dentist must do a root canal treatment. Root canal tries to save the tooth by removing the infected pulp.
It requires antibiotic treatment before surgery is done on root canal if the person:
– Is damaged or artificial heart valves
– Congenital heart defects
– A history of bacterial endocarditis
– Suffer from diabetes or another condition that “weakens” the immune system
– Shows a liver (eg cirrhosis)
– Have artificial joints, such as hip replacement
– Undergoing treatment with corticosteroids for other diseases, such as Crohn’s disease or asthma
If dental canal treatment can not be done or is ineffective, it is recommended tooth extraction.

Outpatient (at home)

To reduce pain and swelling of the face and cheek caused by a tooth abscess recommend compress (bag) with ice on the outside of the cheek. Avoid heat!
It may also try, medicines obtained without a prescription, which relieves pain in the face or jaw, such as:
– Acetaminophen (Paracetamol) can lower fever and can relieve pain but does not reduce swelling
– Drugs that reduce swelling (eg, ibuprofen, naproxen or ketoprofen)
– Aspirin can also reduce swelling. Some people should not take aspirin, are pregnant women, people who have had past problems coagulation / bleeding and people younger than 20 years.
Be sure to read the prospectus carefully care.
Emergency recommend consulting your dentist if the pain has not improved after 2 hours of taking a painkiller at home. If it is a tooth abscess, it may indicate spread of infection.

How to prevent

You can prevent an abscessed tooth by preventing bacterial infections of the oral cavity. The best way to prevent bacterial infections is proper dental care and gums:
– Brushing your teeth morning and evening after meals. If you can not make brushing teeth after every meal, we recommend chewing sugarless gum.
– Use dental floss daily
– Regular dental checkups, which could include performing dental radiography
– Follow a healthy diet that includes whole grains, fruits and vegetables, low in fat and salt, limit or avoid consumption of sweet foods and drinks. Good nutrition helps maintain healthy gums and prevent tooth decay.

After dental abscess was treated, it can prevent other dental problems later by:
– Brushing and flossing daily use
– Regular dental checkups
– A healthy diet, avoiding foods and beverages fresh
– Avoid smoking or using other forms of tobacco. Tobacco use slows the healing capacity and increases the risk of gum disease and cancer of the mouth and throat.
Some people may have a very dry mouth. This can cause deep dental caries, which is formed rapidly and can lead to infection of the tooth pulp and evolving to a boil. You can prevent these problems by periodically rinsing the mouth with water, using chewing gum or sugarless candy. If severe symptoms of dry mouth, you may need medication to treat this problem.
Many medications can cause dry mouth, including medicines used to treat depression and high blood pressure.

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