Type 2 diabetes is a condition that develops slowly. Is more common than type 1 diabetes, representing about 75% of all cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes often occurs later in life, although there are cases of the disease, common among children (particularly obese) and young adults. Type 2 diabetes is strongly associated with obesity.
People with type 2 diabetes should first, to make changes in diet and lifestyle for the disease to be controlled. If diabetic patients, effective management becomes essential contributions of carbohydrates, fiber and fat.
Carbohydrates in the diet of people who have type 2 diabetes
Carbohydrates are one of the most important categories of food (the other being protein and fat) in the diet of people with type 2 diabetes. Carbohydrates provide energy to the body in the form of glucose. Glucose is the main energy source for all body cells.
Carbohydrates have an immediate effect on blood sugar levels because they live in carbohydrates are broken down during digestion. Carbohydrates are found mainly in the following food groups:
- Milk and yogurt
- bread, cereal, rice and pasta
- Starchy vegetables such as potatoes, corn and beans.
Fiber and diabetes nutrition
Fiber is indigestible part of plant foods. They play an important role in the digestive process because it helps move food through the digestive tract adds faecal consistency (which can move quickly through the intestine to the anus, making it easier to remove the defecation process).
In addition, diets high in fiber help reduce the risk of obesity, hypertension, cardiovascular disease or stroke. Fibers also have other health benefits such as:
- slow absorption of sugar in the blood (a real advantage for people with diabetes type 2)
- can reduce bad cholesterol in the blood
- are good sources of vitamins and minerals
- help prevent constipation and reduce the risk of triggering certain bowel disorders
- promotes weight loss (helps reduce caloric intake).
Experts in nutrition recommend consuming 30 grams of fiber each day. The best way to increase fiber intake as part of the management plan type 2 diabetes is to eat more of these foods:
- fruits and vegetables
- beans and peas (cooked)
- brown rice
- bran products.
Fat diet for type 2 diabetes
Because diabetes increases the risk of triggering heart disease, it is important to include in your diet foods low in Grasmere – especially saturated fat. In addition, limiting caloric intake of fat can help reduce the body weight, especially when they occur and regular exercise.
Here are some ways that you can benefit from a healthy daily intake of fat:
- choose lean meat and fish and eat more protein from plant sources
- Eat low-fat dairy such as cheese, milk and yogurt – all low in fat
- use vegetable oil when cooking and avoid eat margarine
- Avoid consumption of commercial sauces.