Using the procedure known as gastrointestinal endoscopy, the doctor can view the inside lining of the digestive tract.
This examination will be done with a tool called an endoscope, a tube with a tiny camera flexibility to shoot at one end.
The camera is connected to a monitor for direct visualization. Endoscope allows not only diagnose diseases is also used to treat disease.
For a complete examination safely, the stomach should be empty. The patient should not eat or drink anything six hours before performing the procedure.
Before scheduling the investigation, the patient should inform the doctor about the medicines you use, the allergies that manifest and information about other potential diseases.
It is important for the doctor to know if the patient is suffering from health problems such as heart or lung disease for the examiner to pay attention to these issues during the procedure.
Upper endoscopy – Rarely is bleeding and perforation of the esophagus or stomach wall. Other complications that can occur if this investigation are:
- Severe and irregular heart beats
- Pulmonary aspiration – when certain materials, particles (food, foreign body) or liquid (gastric contents, blood, saliva) enter the throat into the trachea.
- Infection and intermittent fever
- Respiratory depression
- Central nervous system reactions due to sedation vagus nerve
Lower endoscopy (colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, enteroscopia) – though less common, their possible complications include:
- Local pain
- Dehydration (caused by excessive enemas and laxatives for bowel preparation)
- Cardiac arrhythmias
- Bleeding and infection
- Perforation of the colon
- Colon gas explosion during polyp removal
- Respiratory depression (caused by excessive sedation of people with chronic lung disease).
Before the procedure, the doctor will explain what will go endoscopy patient if there are alternative procedures or investigations that would be possible complications and results of endoscopy.
Practices vary from one doctor to another, but the patient is inside the throat spray anesthetic solution and i will probably provide a sedative and pain-relieving drugs given intravenously.
Patient lying on your left side, and a flexible endoscope will be inserted through the mouth into the esophagus, stomach and duodenum. Procedure will not interfere with breathing. Most of the patients experience minimal discomfort during the entire procedure.
After the procedure
If the patient was sedated will be moved to a recovery area to awaken. Once sedation has stopped working. It is recommended that the patient be accompanied by someone, because it will not be allowed in these hours to drive or drink alcohol at least one day and may feel drowsy. Home, the best would be allowed to rest throughout the day.