We’ve all heard the cliché: wrinkles are full of life. But most would rather not remember about old times. What can you do? First, we should understand how wrinkles form. Then those who want to reduce their wrinkles will be able to explore the therapeutic possibilities.
Wrinkles are caused by aging. With age, skin cells divide more slowly, and the inner layer, called the dermis, begins to thin. The network of elastin (the protein that gives skin the degree of stretch) and collagen fibers (the main supportive protein of the skin), which support layers superficilale becoming weaker or breaking it (sliding one over the other) can cause the wrinkles (barely visible on the surface). With age, skin loses its elasticity, is less able to retain moisture, oil-secreting glands decreases and the skin heals more slowly. All this contributes to wrinkles.
Facial Muscle Contractions
Wrinkles between the eyebrows (frown lines) and lines jutting from the corner of the eyes (crows feet) are formed due to muscle contractions. Smiling, frowning, squinting and other habitual facial expressions cause these wrinkles emphasis. Over time, these expressions coupled with gravity contribute to the formation of jowls and drooping skin around the eyes.
Effects of the sun
Exposure to ultraviolet radiation can cause premature aging of the skin.
Premature aging of the skin is called photoaging. Ultraviolet radiation that cause photoaging damage collagen fibers and elastin cause the excessive altered (abnormal). When ultraviolet light damages skin tissue, it produces an enzyme called metalloproteinases. This enzyme creates and reforms collagen. During this process, some healthy collagen fibers are destroyed, resulting in a disorganized formation of fibers called solar scars. Wrinkles form when the rebuilding process occurs over and over.
Healthy skin regenerates constantly. While old collagen is destroyed, a new one is formed. Researchers have found that smoking causes a marked reduction of collagen production. This in turn lead to wrinkles.
What are the therapeutic alternatives for reducing wrinkles?
There are a variety of therapies that can be performed without a prescription, including various creams or lotions. Also topical retinozi may be prescribed by the doctor.
Other lasers, known as non-ablative lasers can also be used to treat ridurilor.Aceste lasers operate on the principle of heating the dermis and stimulate collagen secretion. This technique, which does not affect the superficial layers of the skin, have a short healing period. However, outcomes are not as spectacular as the ablative lasers, which removes the skin layers.
Botulinum toxin and other types of injections are additional techniques which may be used for wrinkle reduction.
Patients with physician will determine the type of treatment appropriate. Each patient will suit a particular type of treatment, as each technique can be applied to appropriate patients.
Removal of superficial layers to reduce wrinkles or unevenness of the skin is a way to regain smoothness of the skin and look younger. Dermabrasion (removing layers of skin by scraping) and chemical peels (removing layers by melting them with the help of substances applied locally) are two of the methods commonly used in skin remodeling. Ablative laser facial remodeling (eg carbon dioxide laser or erbium) is another technique that, just like dermabrasion or chemical peeling profound, requiring a longer period of healing.