The best ways to lose weight is to follow a healthy diet that will combine physical activity performed consistently. However, if a person tried to lose weight this way but failed and health problems due to excess weight worsens, gastric bypass surgery may be an option.
Gastric bypass surgery is a technique used in bariatric surgery and is the most common type of surgery to help a person lose weight. The procedure consists in dividing the stomach into two parts. Food will only reach the lower stomach, the small intestine called the bag.
This modification of the anatomy of the digestive system limits the amount of food a person can eat that the body can digest, which helps the number of pounds lost. Gastric bypass surgery can not be supported by anyone. Like any major procedure that has significant risks and side effects.
In addition, long-term success depends on everyone to make permanent changes in your lifestyle. First of these reasons, applicants will be carefully evaluated and analyzed to determine if they could benefit from gastric bypass surgery, despite the risks.
Selection criteria for gastric bypass surgery
For a patient to be considered for gastric bypass surgery must meet the following conditions:
- Be unable to achieve or maintain a healthy weight through diet and exercise
- Hold a body mass index of 40 or higher (extreme obesity)
- Have a body mass index of between 35-39.9 and suffer from serious health problems related to weight, such as diabetes or hypertension.
These criteria, however, are not without controversy. Some supporters of gastric bypass surgery believes these means of selection should be less rigid and to include people who have a body mass index less than 35.
Evaluation for gastric bypass surgery
A team of professionals (dietician, physician, psychologist and surgeon) will evaluate whether gastric bypass surgery is appropriate for the person who wants to undergo this type of surgery. In essence, the analysis determines whether the health benefits outweigh the risks of this potentially serious major procedures.
Even if the patient meets all criteria, will evaluate his level of physical training and medical before he undergo the procedure. When you perform the evaluation, the team will consider:
- Nutrition and weight history on – will see trends on weight fluctuation over time, types of diet, eating habits, exercise regime, stress levels, time constraints, motivation, and other factors
- General health – health problems increase the risk associated with certain surgeries that may be aggravated by any type of surgery. These include the possibility of developing blood clots, liver disease, heart problems, kidney stones and hormonal deficiencies. Team of specialists will seek information on the types of medication that a person uses, how much alcohol you drink and smoke. The patient may undergo a complete physical examination and laboratory tests.
- Mood – some mental illness may contribute to the development of obesity or might make it difficult for a person to maintain health benefits of gastric bypass surgery. They include bulimia, substance abuse, depression, anxiety disorders and related problems in childhood sexual abuse. Even if they can not impede the gastric bypass surgery, doctors may decide to defer them to ensure that any disease is treated and managed properly.
- The motivation – the team will evaluate a person’s desire and ability to follow medical advice and to make changes in diet and lifestyle.
- Age – although there is no specific age limit gastric bypass surgery, its risks increase if a person has more than 65 years. The procedure is controversial in people aged under 18.
Preparing for surgery
If you already professional team has agreed on gastric bypass surgery, the patient will receive instructions on preparing for surgery a few months or even weeks before surgery. These may include restrictions on food and drink, and smoking. Advice on lifestyle changes will be useful to adapt to changes in diet and exercise. The patient will begin a program of physical activity surveillance.
Even after gastric bypass surgery is scheduled, could be lover or canceled if doctors determine that:
- The patient is not psychologically or medically ready for surgery
- The patient has not changed properly diet and physical activity habits
- Patient gained weight during the evaluation process, a situation that would make surgery becomes risky.
For a person to avoid unpleasant financial surprises, you should inform in advance a cost operation but its prior and subsequent costs (preparation for surgery, recovery period, medical consultations).
Gastric bypass surgery is the right choice?
This type of surgery is not a miracle procedure, and is not recommended for everyone. On the other hand, gastric bypass surgery does not guarantee that a person will lose excess weight or maintain their weight long term. There is no way to control or prevent changes in diet and exercise routine.
In fact, anyone can regain lost weight through gastric bypass surgery, if not change their lifestyle. However, this procedure is useful in many cases and improves the health of a person. Anyone think i would suit gastric bypass surgery, your doctor should discuss this issue.