Unfortunately there are many people who currently keeps a bleak perception of mental illness or their assigns imaginary causes absolutely no connection with reality. Despite this it is clear that progress has provided and will provide medicine and wait for further answers all questions posed today.As far nobody believes that an infectious disease such as hepatitis, pneumonia, meningitis, influenza is only the result of the body’s confrontation with pathological agent – bug or virus – so if there is a cause of mental disorders will be clarified by your specialist doctor.
We will address the psychiatrist especially when a decrease of the main psychological functions: attention, memory, judgment and ability to create decrease yield and quality of activity.
Other disorders for which the person in question can be directed to a psychiatrist or psychologist are related to affective state (mood): prolonged sadness, gloomy thoughts permanent nature, but lack of enthusiasm and joy exaggerated, unmotivated, there are situations in which psychiatric help requires.
Also in this category without cause restlessness and fear harmless objects or beings, as excessive nervousness.
Excessive fatigue often accompanied by significant sleep disorders and work capacity and concentration will also be subject to psychiatric consultation.
The decrease will, lack of self-control, alcohol or other drugs, severe behavioral disorders, agitation, running, going to the doctor will determine specialist.
Both the male sexual disorders (impotence, premature ejaculation, etc..) And of women (dyspareunia – painful intercourse, frigidity, inorganic) may benefit most often consult a psychiatrist.
Not least benefit from psychiatric help patients with tics, those who stutter, enuretic children – lack of control of urination, or those with sleepwalking.
Some diseases such as gastric and duodenal ulcers, ischemic heart disease, hyperthyroidism, spasmophilia, hypertension, obesity has an important etiological and psychological side can get in most cases at least one completion (if not cure) of the psychiatrist.
These symptoms and signs do not always mean a disease, and when signs of illness, it is not always a mental illness. Some symptoms that are commonly attributed to a mental illness do not always link with your doctor is able to discern in this respect, giving them true value.
There are many signs that seem to have a significant medical or somatic organic and addresses patients cabinets internal medicine, surgery, endocrinology, cardiology, neurology, etc.. for diagnosis and appropriate treatment, symptoms that actually having a connotation and betraying the existence of psychiatric disorders / diseases of psychiatric.
Health problems caused by anxiety
Anxiety is an emotional state dominated by anxiety, fear, without a specific purpose. Is fear a lack of precision, overall felt in somatic unity, without, however, be located or defined. Treated as a constant fear and anxiety, imprecise and vague, anxiety seems to be an unfavorable assessment of the future, a lack of confidence in their capabilities to respond to the problems they raise everyday life. In its benign form of anxiety manifests as a simple restlessness and severe forms occur in crisis terms of anxiety or panic attack.
Manifestations of anxiety, which typically recognize them as mental patients are emotional tension, fear, shyness, fear of the dark, self-underestimation, some sexual failures and unexplained anxiety.
Apart from these there are some somatic symptoms may also be repercussions of anxiety: palpitations, tachycardia, dizziness, weakness, loss of consciousness, cutaneous vasodilation, throbbing headache, migraine, nausea, vomiting, and others.
Fatigue is one of the common mental disorders for which requested a medical profile. Manifestations of fatigue are expressed by fatigue, feeling of helplessness, powerlessness, etc.. Fatigue did not identify with fatigue occur after prolonged physical exertion or mental or psychological strain after a prolonged period. In this case, generally by providing the necessary hours of sleep and rest, will return to the previous state of physical and intellectual.
Fatigue appears as a reduction of energy that seem to not rebuilt and can not be explained by taking a intelelctual or intense physical effort. It can be described as the lack of power, strength, shape, unable to cope with demands, lack of enthusiasm, the mood, and even physical or mental exhaustion of resources at minimal effort.
In this context and emotional state is modified as irritability, malaise, uncertainty. Mental performance are increasingly less physical activity and mental usual seems a burden. The general appearance of the suffering of fatigue suggests the whole being exhausted: pale, slow movements, slow and monotonous speech, lack of vivacity and energy. Although psychological symptoms, fatigue can occur with somatic diseases: chronic infectious diseases, internal diseases, chronic poisoning, parasites, neurological diseases, viral infections, endocrine disorders, metabolic and nutritional, etc..
In the field of mental illness is almost always present in the paintings asthenia common symptoms. Meets first in neurosis, in other psychiatric disorders due to organic causes, in states which succeed a psychosis in substance abusers, in most of the disorders related involution.
It urged everyone to avoid the appearance of burnout, fatigue of long through a rational life and work to be avoided ‘nights off’, abuses toxic (coffee, tobacco, alcohol, drugs), a complete diet in which predominate natural products with additional periods of overload protein intake (milk, meat, fish, eggs) and carbohydrates (fruits, honey, sweets). After long periods of tension or strain, holidays will be planned and organized in a manner that does not constitute a new effort, but represent an opportunity for rehabilitation, recreation and toning, that natural factors play an essential role.
Excitement is defined in psychiatry as motor acts without finality, usually expressing an emotional state or feeling delirious. Agitation are particularly impressive and traumatizing environment, often uncoordinated and witness how the aimless movements of the subject agitated, dangerous for the person agitated for its material goods and the entourage. Can occur suddenly and unexpectedly from a person without mental history, following a major physical or mental trauma, as in individuals with a history Psychiatry (epilepsy, psychosis, chronic alcoholism, dementia).
Hysterical excitement or “nervous breakdown” is characterized in that it can appear in a conflict situation, is of a theatrical show (occurs only with “audience”), is accompanied by fainting, paralysis, choking the subject agitated (90% of women).
Agitation is urgent psychiatric hospitalization and requiring rapid medical intervention. Inpatient hectic is difficult because of the difficulty related to patient transport, lack of cooperation, however entourage avoid brutalizing and forcibly restraining the patient until the doctor came.
Headache is a trivial symptom that can occur in many disorders, the most different and can have different manifestations, especially in terms of duration, intensity and location. May occur as a push in the forehead, feeling the “pressure head” or as a portion of the head pain, throbbing pain character, pain localized in the occipital or temporal, etc.. It can last from several minutes to several days.
Causes causing headache enroll in a varied register, of which the most common are headaches – headaches that covers only half of the head, appears and disappears suddenly feeling is accompanied by vomiting and photophobia, is a family causes eye, neurological, vascular, metabolic, endocrine, toxic and infectious.
Of the circumstances in which it appears in psychiatry headache include: neuroses, chronic psychoorganic syndromes, epilepsy, intoxication, depression, involution and vascular pathology. The occurrence of headache and especially persistence will guide the patient to the general practitioner and, if necessary, for diagnosis and treatment specialist psychiatrist.
Among the measures to be taken are: stopping toxic substances (especially tobacco), correcting sleep diet easy, no alcohol, walking outdoors. The occurrence of repetitive headaches in people carrying glasses, and not only requires checking them with their eventual change or ophthalmologist to determine diopter.
Confusion has psychiatric sense vigilitatii decrease with serious disturbance of memory capacity and orientation. I slowed perceptions, as their judgment and synthesis that can add this hallucinations. Confused patient appears to be broken by the reality that surrounds him, look blankly into the distance, in empty gestures are slow clumsiness, speech is incoherent and illogical behavior, agitation can take a look untidy. Patients with mental confusion does not know where they are and neither can orient in time. Obfuscation is a serious symptom that requires emergency intervention psychiatrist, confused patient will be transported in the shortest time to the psychiatric hospital to receive specialized treatment and care.
Mental confusion may occur in diseases such as: chronic alcoholism, drug intoxication, fever, metabolic disorders, head trauma, meningo-encephalitis, strokes, endocrine disorders.
Depression is defined as a collapse of mood and emotional tone. Update is accompanied by unpleasant and sad memories of a threatening vision of the future of psycho-motor retardation, manifested both in plan and in suicidal gestures and movements. Also, depression is characterized by a decrease in vitality, fatigue, lack of physical vigor, insomnia, decreased appetite, weight loss, sexual disorders.
It can manifest with different intensity from mild, previously reported symptoms are less marked to severe forms, in which depression is accompanied by ideas or suicide attempts.
Circumstances may be different reactions occur secondary to psychotrauma in neurosis, in involution disorders in diseases or secondary endogenous determination of organic processes. It is a very common symptom in psychiatry, it is advisable to resort to the help of a psychiatrist every time there is a change during the preceding provisions arise when sleep disorders, especially towards the end of sleep or somatic complaints which arise when other medical specialists not sieve no obvious lesion. The existence of a personal or family emergency will require addressing, when there are signs of depression in psychiatric office.
As with anxiety, depressed mood may be manifested by signs that seem at first to take a depression and would not require intervention by the psychiatrist: chronic headaches brain felt as pressure or burning head, facial neuralgia or lumbar region, chest pressure, tachycardia, shortness of breath and lump in the throat, dry mouth, bloating, constipation, sleep rhythm disturbances, seizures, nocturnal sweating, asthenia morning, abdominal pain, frequent urination , diffuse pain in the urogenital organs and hair loss.
Insomnia sleep disorder you are impaired in both quantitatively and qualitatively. And periodic interruption vigilitatii is a physiological recovery period optimal functioning capacity of the psyche. The need for sleep has a hereditary component, and one that does not change interest varies depending on individual habits, the concerns of the moment, mood and age.
Sleep duration decreases with age, it is for the average adult 7-8 hours, but there are people who, although not more than 6 hours of sleep, carries a normal activity without symptoms such as fatigue. Rhythm sleep habits depends more than biological control, individuals can to divide into two categories: subjects ‘night’ and subjects ‘day’ favorite according to time of day for sleep.
The transition from a waking sleep state (asleep) is unnoticed and without any effort normally but for those with insomnia is a long and painful. It may take the appearance of sleep insomnia when sleep comes early readormire or when the subject wakes after a few hours of sleep. Insomnia causes a shorter total sleep, fatigue accompanied by bad sensor and not so rare as one might think digestive disorders and weight loss. Circumstances in which insomnia can occur are: certain stages of existence (teenage female or male climacteric), physical or emotional overwork, disease and the evolving acute episodes of major depression.
Although it is said that older people sleep less than younger are conflicting studies generally admit that after the age of 60 years for women surpass men in terms of length of bed rest and sleep.
Physical exhaustion professional effort resulting in overdose, overdose aggravated by the so-called amusement as overeating, prevent the onset of sleep. Emotional exhaustion resulting from occasional conflicts with family members, coworkers, sudden environmental changes, excesivele responsibilities charge, during business Dirun subject to strong emotional stimuli that can not be easily downloaded in the period before sleep.
Lack of regular relaxation before falling asleep, due to intense emotional feelings generated conflicting states live happy or unhappy events, more or less violent or intense prevent the onset of sleep.
Diseases accompanied by acute pain syndromes or respiratory embarrassment, neurosis, chronic organic diseases, drug addiction medicine are also minor sleep difficult installation.
To prevent insomnia following measures be taken: psihoigiena daily existence, keeping the program as ordered, avoiding work in assault of burnout and overtraining, there is a period of relaxation before sleep.
Do not use own initiative to induce sleep medication – self-medication, knowing that each has its peculiarities insomnia, for which only a doctor can make the fascinating indicated. Using a sleeping pill without medical indication may worsen while fatigue and medication should be administered only when business interruption and prepare for sleep.
Delirium is a serious mental disorder, manifested in the thinking, which loses insertion coordinates in reality, anchoring the imaginary and illogical. Thinking patient is delusional and full of contradictions that it does not seem to take into account abounds in illogical interpretations and inferences, change patient behavior and activities, making them inadequate or even dangerous to others. Delusions have a theme or depreciation of the sick person: tracking, injury, punishment, poisoning, influence, predatory, jealousy, etc.. be patient exaggeration of qualities: enlarge, grandeur invention. The subject sees transposed in one of these situations that usually have nothing to do with reality. These disorders thought to be associated with abnormalities of the perception of reality – hallucinations.
Hallucinations are perceptions without object, ie the formation of mental images that do not have their corresponding reality. They can be visual, auditory, olfactory and tactile. The emergence delirium with or without hallucinations is a situation where the psychiatrist will be consulted immediately. Under the pressure of pathological ideas and hallucinations, delusional patient may endanger their life or the other.
There is sometimes a danger that some ideas of persecution to be taken as true and the family, leading often without their reality check, serious and unjustified conflict at work or in the family, instead of a proper treatment.
Phobias are represented by unjustified fears over objects, animals, events, situations, which by themselves do not constitute a real threat or an infinitesimal probability of occurring.
The patient has an intense feeling of fear in the presence of the object or situation that fear, being accompanied by autonomic manifestations: sweating, heart palpitations, shortness of breath, dizziness, vision problems, etc.. suddenly disappearing along with removing the case generators. Phobias can occur as a single pathological phenomenon or can accompany other psychiatric disorders. They have their cause in some wrong habits (errors of education provided by parents of young children) or may occur as a result of a challenging situation experienced by the patient (serious illness, injury, psychological trauma, disaster, etc.. )
A phobia is very common in our age phobia to certain diseases: canerofobie phobia related to sexually transmitted diseases (AIDS), etc.
Similar phenomena phobias and obsessions they are sometimes associated with, ideas that require thinking, disturbing her normal development. These ideas usually refers to actions absurd that the subject has the impression that they could do, actions totally contradict personality and behavior of the patient.
These ideas do not turn never acts but parasite control and maintenance, are experienced as unpleasant, generate patient anxiety and fear. This makes the topic, with time, to fear that there will be master in his thoughts and actions and that has a very serious mental illness. Although very painful for the patient, both phobias and obsessive ideas not dangerous delusions and hallucinations. The emergence of such phenomena must lead the patient to a doctor will recommend the right medication and psychotherapy.
Memory impairment may relate to immediate memory (events and recent works) or long-term memory (events from more distant past). The latter are more rare and even more difficult patient senses their presence.
Memory disorders occur most often in exhaustion, neuroastenie, poisoning alcohol, coffee or nicotine, depressive moods. In all these circumstances memory disorders are of the past, thereby improving the disease once or deviation from the rules of mental hygiene that generated them.
There ailments such as cerebral atherosclerosis, cranio-cerebral trauma, chronic alcohol intoxication, organic brain disease of older people, in which memory impairment are stable, although often have a progressive character, that gets worse once with time. In these disorders, memory disorders can have serious consequences for the patient and his relatives.
Although memory impairment does not mean a disease state, though memory and mental hygiene measures need to be trained and developed, learning the logic being that forbid memory overload and effort.
Mental hygiene measures to avoid overloading memory refers to a normal sleep-wake rhythm, eating correctly and completely, to avoid abuse of drugs and substances with a psychostimulant. Mental relaxation and recreation in nature benefactor on memory.
Disorder of sexual dynamics
Dynamics of sexual disorders – the most common is impotence in men and frigidity in women. They can occur at any age and often out any organic cause. Psihotraumele, anxiety, fatigue, abuses and excesses, other mental illnesses are the most common causes of these disorders.
A particular note have sexual disorders during adolescence, especially among young people that the main factors consist of hiperemotivity, timidity and lack of experience. In the same area, practicing excessive masturbation by adolescents may adversely affect subsequent sexuality, although it is not itself a cause of disease. Abstinence is not a cause of mental illness.
Course and application of mental hygiene measures will harmonize sex and avoiding disturbances. Sexual relations coupled with affection, avoiding alcohol and drugs a rational lifestyle, maintaining local hygiene are the minimum conditions for sexual hygiene.