Oral contraceptives, method of administration and secondary effects
Intermenstrual bleeding, nausea and bloating are some of the most commonly reported side effects of oral contraceptives. While most side effects are minor, some can be serious and require immediate medical care. Such side effects include depression, headaches and hypertension. There are many factors that play a role in the occurrence of side effects, including contraceptives strength and type of hormone that they contain.
As with any medicine, side effects are possible in case of oral contraceptives (birth control pills). However, secondary effects are not a general rule. In fact, most women tolerate oral contraceptives smoothly. Some types of oral contraceptives are more or less likely to cause certain side effects compared to other types of contraception.
Method of administration
Type contraceptive pills will be recommended by the doctor, depending on the result of hormonal investigatiior, and your medical history. The specialist will want to know if you have: asthma, hypertension, depression, diabetes, kidney disease, liver disease, cardiovascular conditions, breast cancer if you have had a stroke, seizures or jaundice, if you recorded excessive growth weight or fluid retention during menstrual cycle.
It is advisable to take oral contraceptives during or immediately after meals to avoid possible gastrointestinal problems. In addition, try taking birth control pills at the same time every day. This can help you form a routine and remember to take medicine. Before use read the correct way of administration, depending on the brand and type of contraceptives.
Use prospectus carefully observe and make sure that the physician or pharmacist know any information you need. You can also use an additional contraceptive local, along with main treatment of contraception for the first week, because the oral contraceptives they need some time to be effective. Some experts recommend using an additional method of birth control during the first month, to ensure full protection.
It is important to keep the tablets in their packaging to keep track of their administration. Medicines have different colors: usually some contain different amounts of hormones, while others placebo effect. Their effectiveness could decrease if the tablets are taken in the order recommended by the specialist.
Combined monophasic contraceptive pill releases the same amount of estrogen and progestin every day and usually the same color. Multiphasic contraceptive pills have different colors and is very important to be taken in order arrows and numbering of the film.
Usually, you should start using the first pill on the first day of the menstrual period. Birth control pills are available in sheets containing 21 or 28 tablets. Depending on their number, there will be a break of 7 days (if the film is 21 tablets) or will continue uninterrupted administration of oral contraceptives (where the film is 28 tablets).
Follow the doctor’s instructions exactly if oral contraceptives are used as pill the next day.
If you miss a pill at the usual time, take it as soon as possible, you will remember. If you do this at an interval less than 12 hours, you do not need protection. Otherwise, take these pills and protect additional local, within the next 7 days. Do not worry if bleeding occurs.
If you miss more than 3 pills should be discontinued film and there will be a break of 7 days. At this time the bleeding will occur. On the eighth day you can start a new film. Do not forget extra protection 7 days after the end of menstruation or until the end of the first films of drugs.
However, it should not take more than two pills in a 24 hour period.
When you decide to quit birth control pills should do this at the end of a foil in order to avoid bleeding, which could be installed within 3-4 days after interruption.
Secondary effects of oral contraceptives
Possible side effects of oral contraceptive use include:
- Breast pain
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- appearance of facial hair
- weight gain
- increased sensitivity to sunlight.
It is important to ask your doctor if you experience:
- severe depression
- groin pain
- sudden head pain
- chest discomfort
- coughing up blood
- coordination difficulties
- Sudden change in vision
- shortness of breath
- chest pressure sensation levels
- weakness or tingling in the legs or upper
- yellowing of the skin or sclera of the eye.
Also, you should consult your doctor if your period changes both in terms of duration and in terms of the amount of blood if bleeding between menstrual periods occur or if menstruation missing entirely.
Women who smoke more than 10 cigarettes a day and use oral contraceptives, and those aged over 35 who use oral contraceptives have a higher risk of developing stroke by making blood clots and heart attack and to suffer from hypertension. In their case can occur stomach pain and jaundice.
If you have myopia and other eye problems, use of oral contraceptives may worsen vision disorders.