Skin diseases on adults
Skin inflammation, changes in texture or color and stains that appear on this can result from chronic skin conditions or contact with an allergen or irritant. There are several symptoms with which you can detect skin problems more common in adults.Some diseases are totally harmless, but some can be serious, so it is always advisable to consult a doctor for a correct diagonostic.
Types of skin diseases seen on adults
Herpes zoster. Herpes zoster or shingles is a skin condition caused by the varicella virus. People who have had chickenpox during childhood are more likely to develop herpes zoster in adults.
Shingles starts with burning and tingling sensations. A rash appears on the skin. In the first stage will be small present prominent skin will turn into painful blisters shortly.
Rash occurs most commonly on the trunk and buttocks, but can be located anywhere on the body. It may take weeks or even months until the initial symptoms will disappear. However, pain, tingling, numbness and itching may continue long after the rash disappears. The condition may be recurrent – might occur several times during a person’s life. Treatment with antiviral drugs, steroids, antidepressants and topical may be helpful in treating shingles.
Urticaria. Urticaria is the result of an allergic reaction. Is characterized by rash, accompanied by intense itching. In addition, burning sensation may occur. Papules may appear dissociated body or affect a larger area. The rash may persist for a few minutes to several days. The most common causes of urticaria are the consumption of food, drugs or the presence of infection. Treatment with antihistamines can solve this problem.
Psoriasis. Psoriasis is not contagious rash. Specific for this disease is the appearance of thick plates, red, covered with white or silvery scales (which descuameaza). Psoriasis affects mostly the scalp, elbows, knees and lower back, but can occur anywhere on the body.
Psoriasis have a stronger recurring character. The cause of this condition is not yet known, but the condition occurs when the immune system supports the rapid proliferation of new skin cells. Treatments for psoriasis include topical ointments, phototherapy and oral medicines, injections or infusions form.
Eczema. The term eczema may include several non-contagious skin disease. Eczema causes skin inflammation and redness thereof, accompanied by itching. The cause of eczema remains unknown. It is possible that exposure to irritants, allergens or stress lead to the onset of eczema.
Eczema usually appears on the elbows, hands and bend areas where arms or legs (behind the knee, for example). Treatment includes topical and oral medications or injections.
Rosacea. Often begins with a tendency to redness easily skin. Rosacea causes redness around the nose, chin, cheeks, forehead and even redness.
Redness may intensify over time and may acquire an unpleasant aspect, with visible blood vessels. In some cases, the skin may thicken affected areas, swelling and blistering can occur. Rosacea treatment includes medications and surgical procedures, including laser therapy, dermabrasion, and electrocautery to remoderea affected areas.
Athlete’s foot. It is a fungal skin condition feet. This disease cause redness and peeling feet. The condition is accompanied by itching and burning sensation. Sometimes, it can develop blisters and / or sores in the affected areas. The disease is contagious and is transmitted through direct contact – wearing the shoes of a sick person walking barefoot in locker rooms or swimming pools. Athlete’s foot is treated with topical antifungal and administer oral medications in more severe cases.
Acne. Acne is inflammation that clog pores with sebum and dead cells. Acne usually occurs on the face, chest and back and can be triggered by hormones and bacteria. To help control acne, keep oily areas clean and do not squeeze pustules (this practice can cause infection and scarring).
Rash caused by contact with certain plants. Contact with certain poisonous substances from plants (eg ivy) causes rash in most people. Rash begins with swelling in the contact zone, redness, itching and blisters develop in the first 12-72 hours after exposure. Usually the rash lasts up to two weeks.
Melasma. Melasma (chloasma) is characterized by the presence of brown spots on the cheeks, nose, forehead and chin. Even though it is called the mask of pregnancy, melasma can affect men, but it generally occurs in more than half of pregnant women.
The condition may disappear after pregnancy, and if that does not happen, can be treated with creams and products issued with or without a prescription. If you have melasma is important to use sunscreen because the sun can exacerbate the condition.
Moles. Moles are usually brown or black and can develop anywhere on the body. Most moles are not cancerous, but some people have an increased risk of developing cancerous moles. For them it is important to track any changes in the appearance of moles and report this dermatologist.
Ask the specialist ASAP if moles change shape, have irregular edges, color, unusual bleeding or if there if the itchiness.
Skin diseases can be painful and difficult to cure. Most are unsightly but harmless. Others may be signs or symptoms of serious medical problems and therefore it is important to consult your doctor for proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment.