The first signs of autism, autism in children.Autism is a brain disorder that limits a person’s ability to communicate and relate to others. The disease occurs in young children, with several stages of severity.
Disease manifestations are different from one person to the other some live in their own universe, while others have unusual abilities. Autistic spectrum disorders affect 1 in 88 children, occurring five times more frequently among boys than girls.
Early detection of autism, ideally up to 8 months of life, provide more effective treatment designed to reduce the effects of disorder and help the child to develop as normally as possible.
Early signs of autism
Autism is a spectrum of diseases closely linked with symptoms. Autism spectrum disorders occur in early infancy and childhood, causing delays in many basic areas of development, such as learning to walk, to play or interact with others.
Signs and symptoms of autism vary significantly, as well as their effects. Part of autistic children with minor deficiencies, while others have more obstacles to overcome. Even so, every child on the autism spectrum has problems to some degree, in these three areas
- Verbal and nonverbal communication;
- Networking with other people and with the environment;
- Thinking and adaptive behavior;
There are different opinions among physicians, parents and experts about the causes of autism and the best treatment solutions. Even so, opinions meet at a common point and intensive early intervention contributes significantly to reverse the effects of autism spectrum disorders.
Before a child to fulfill three years, careful observers can detect a number of early symptoms of autism. Some children develop normally until 18-24 months, then lose many of acquisitions. At this point, the following symptoms may occur
- Repetitive movements (swinging or moving in a circle);
- Avoiding eye contact or touches;
- Speech Delays;
- Repeating words or phrases (echolalia);
- The states of irritation occurred amid small change;
Symptoms of autism in the first year of life
Even babies are normally interested to socialize, that autism symptoms are noticeable in the first year of life, evaluating how infants interact with the environment. At this age, a child with an autism spectrum disorder may:
- Do not react to the mother’s voice;
- Do not respond when he hears his name;
- Do not look in the eyes of others;
- No cooing or point fingers;
- Do not respond to stimuli, smile and transmitted to others;
- Do not follow visual objects;
Babies who suffer from autism may exhibit similar symptoms, so it is necessary to consult a physician to establish the exact cause of the child’s behavior.
Symptoms of autism in the second year of life
In the second year of life, symptoms of autism become more noticeable. While other children already starting to show first words and the things they want to index a child with autism remain detached from these natural behaviors. The specific signs of autism at this age are:
- No word pronounced up to 16 months;
- No games of imitation to 18 months;
- No sentence of at least two words up to 24 months;
- Loss of speech acquisition;
- Lack of interest shown by adult things;
- Lack of desire to attract attention;
- Lack of affection;
- No intention to respond when help is required;
Symptoms of autism in older children
As they grow, more and more children transmit alarm signals indicating the presence of autism spectrum disorders. In general, the clues lead to the lack of social skills, speech and language difficulties, difficulty communicating nonverbally and inflexible behavior. It consists of the following symptoms Representative
- Disinterest or detachment from what is going around;
- Inability to play, make friends and interact with other children;
- Hostility to the gesture of being touched, held or comforted in his arms;
- Lack of desire to imitate adults, take part in group activities and use toys creatively;
- Difficult to understand and talk about feelings;
- No reaction when someone shouts pronounce the name;
- Speaking in a tone of voice unnaturally, in a bizarre rhythm (concluding sentence interrogative tone);
- Continuous repetition of words and phrases;
- Providing answers to questions by repeating the question and so;
- Reference to itself by the third person;
- Incorrect use of language (grammatical errors, words distorted etc.).
- Difficulty expressing wants and needs;
- Inability to understand the questions, statements or guidance very simple;
- Collection of all information in the proper sense (inability to sense humor, irony and sarcasm)
Children with autism may experience physical symptoms such as chronic digestive disorders (constipation) or sleep disorders. It can also appear uncoordinated large muscles used while running or climbing, and small muscles (upper limb). One third of children with autism shows and episodes of seizures.
Currently, there is a special medical test to detect autism spectrum disorders, but a medical examination may be useful to exclude other possible causes of symptoms such as vision loss, speech defects, lead poisoning and other developmental disorders that have no Contact autism. Parents will answer a set of questions about the child’s behavior and their communication skills.
Receive timely treatment, ideally before the age of 3 years can increase exponentially the chances of improving child development with autism.