Researchers have found that many people suffer from various disorders of the thyroid gland, but most do not know this.The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck. It has an essential role in metabolic function. When there is disruption of thyroid activity, affect many aspects of your health. The main symptoms of thyroid dysfunction are weight fluctuations, this imbalance depression and energy levels.
Since undiagnosed thyroid problems can dramatically increase the risk of obesity, cardiovascular disease, depression, anxiety, hair loss, sexual dysfunction, infertility, and other health problems, it is important to go early to the endocrinologist for investigation and treatment.
The most common symptoms of thyroid problems
When not functioning properly, the thyroid gland can release too many or too few hormones. Condition where the thyroid produces too little hormone is called hypothyroidism, and one that occurs when too many hormones is called hyperthyroidism.
Specific manifestations of hypothyroidism are:
- exhaustion and fatigue
- difficulty concentrating
- unexplained or excessive weight
- rough and dry skin accompanied by itching
- of dry, rough and brittle
- feeling cold, especially in the extremities
- increased menstrual flow
- frequent menstrual periods
- infertility or miscarriage.
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism are:
- Increased quantity of sweat
- thinning of the skin
- brittle hair
- Especially muscle weakness involving the upper arms and thighs
- Trembling of hands
- panic disorder
- accelerate the heart beat
- dissect a good appetite weight loss
- accelerated intestinal transit
- decreased blood flow with rare menstruation.
Muscle and joint pain, tendonitis and carpal tunnel syndrome – pain muscles, joints, weakness in the arms and a tendency to develop carpal tunnel syndrome in the arms and hands, tarsal tunnel syndrome and plantar fasciitis present in the legs may be symptoms of thyroid gland undiagnosed problems.
If hypothyroidism may be present:
- weakness and muscle pain, including cramps and stiffness, joint pain, general discomfort, tingling or burning sensations in the lower leg.
People suffering from hyperthyroidism may occur:
- difficulty in climbing stairs, to you or to catch objects with hands or palms to reach overhead.
Gusa and neck discomfort
- discomfort or swelling in the neck, this goiter or hoarse voice could be signs of an enlarged thyroid, found especially in hyperthyroidism.
Changes in skin and hair
- hair and skin can suffer if changes in thyroid conditions. In particular, hair loss is often associated with the thyroid gland. If hypothyroidism hair becomes brittle, coarse, dry and break easily, and the skin becomes rough, thickened and scaly.
Can occur and increased hair loss, and the outer edge of eyebrow hair. People suffering from hyperthyroidism will be fragile and thin skin will notice a severe hair fall.
- Bowel problems – severe constipation or long term is frequently associated with hypothyroidism, while diarrhea or irritable bowel syndrome is correlated with hyperthyroidism.
- Disorders of menstruation and fertility problems – painful and heavy menstrual periods are often associated with hypothyroidism. When menstruation period is shorter and it is less important quantitatively, may be involved hyperthyroidism. Infertility can be associated with multiple undiagnosed and untreated thyroid conditions.
- Family history – If your family history there are people who have thyroid problems, have a high risk of developing thyroid disease. It may not always be aware of thyroid dysfunction in your family, as many family members may not know that they suffer from certain thyroid conditions or refer to them as “gland or goiter problems.” It is important to pay attention to excessive weight increase family members, because they can be triggered by thyroid disease.
- Problems with cholesterol – high cholesterol, especially at whose values do not decrease after drug treatments, diet and exercise, can be a sign of undiagnosed hypothyroidism. Unusually low levels of cholesterol may be signs of hyperthyroidism.
- Depression and anxiety – with or without sudden panic disorders, depression and anxiety may be signs of thyroid disease. Hypothyroidism is most often associated with depression, while hyperthyroidism is quite frequently correlated with anxiety or panic attacks. Depression that does not improve after treatment with antidepressants may be a sign of undiagnosed thyroid disease.
- Changes in weight – even if you follow a diet low in fat, low in calories, have a rigorous program of exercise and you fail to lose weight, on the contrary, earn pounds, would be involved ptuea thyroid problem. Difficulties of weight loss can be a sign of hypothyroidism.
- Fatigue – Even if sleep 8-10 hours a night, you feel exhausted and you are unable to function without sleep during the day, then this could signal a dysfunction of the thyroid gland, ie hypothyroidism. If hyperthyroidism, you may suffer from insomnia, after which you will feel tired throughout the day.