Although there is no sure way to prevent episodes of ulcerative colitis, the condition can be managed through a combination of treatments and lifestyle adjustments.Diet is very important for patients diagnosed with ulcerative colitis. Food does not cause ulcerative colitis, but a healthy diet is an important part of managing acute episodes. People who suffer from ulcerative colitis should avoid eating foods high in fiber such as whole grains, fruits, raw vegetables, and fatty or fried foods.
Will limit foods that cause abdominal gas, such as beans, vegetables and cabbage. Include in your diet fewer dairy products, lactose intolerance if present. Alcohol, caffeine and sugary soft drinks can aggravate symptoms.
Drug treatment – drug therapy is the most important way to control ulcerative colitis. Inflammatory drugs are the first choice of treatment for mild symptoms, to moderate disease. When events get worse, to keep control, can be used steroids.
Immunomodulators class medicines may be used together with steroids to manage episodes of ulcerative colitis. For moderate to severe symptom control is beneficial biological therapy drugs. Other medications that may be recommended by the doctor to treat ulcerative colitis include: corticosteroids, aminosalicilatii, tiopurinele.
Surgery – When diet and drugs are not sufficient to keep control symptoms of ulcerative colitis can be recommended that surgery. Up to a third of ulcerative colitis sufferers will, eventually, need surgery. Surgery involves removing the affected portion of the colon, depending on disease severity. Sometimes it may be necessary even removing both colon and rectum. With surgery manifestations disappear colitis.
Lifestyle – Reduce stress and emotional support are important in ulcerative colitis gestioanarea, not only to prevent the occurrence of episodes, but for general health maintenance. You can improve your lifestyle with exercise performed consistently progressive muscle relaxation, deep breathing, hypnosis, and through other relaxation techniques such as biofeedback, yoga and tai chi.
Alternative therapies – Several studies indicate that acupuncture can relieve some of the symptoms of ulcerative colitis. Also, the same beneficial effect seems they have psyllium seeds, boswellia and turmeric have anti-inflammatory properties.