Prediabetes is a condition in which blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not so high to consider this type 2 diabetes.
Prediabetes occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, glucose stays in the blood and instead reach cells or when cells become resistant to insulin. Sometimes they are found both. In most cases, those who have prediabetes have no symptoms.
If you have prediabetes, healthy life choices can be useful for keeping normal blood sugar values and prevention of diabetes mellitus type 2. Presuspune prediabetes treatment for weight loss, proper nutrition and achieving consistently exercise. Thus, you will be able to avoid other health problems or complications of diabetes, such as cardiovascular disease and stroke.
Treatment and care measures
Diet – is very important to eat certain types of foods if you have prediabetes. Avoid simple carbohydrates, excess sugar, fat and calories. Eat fresh fish, chicken or turkey, fiber-rich vegetables (such as broccoli, green beans, carrots and cauliflower), olive oil and eat complex carbohydrates (brown rice, whole grains), beans and lentils. Drink skim milk and water. Avoid soft drinks and do not eat trans fats.
- increasing the amount of fruits and vegetables you eat
- Choose products that contain whole grains rather than processed
- add beans and lentils in your menu
- Eat fish at least twice a week
- Eat lean
- Eat low-fat dairy
- reduce or eliminate from your diet sugary drinks and high-calorie desserts
- diminish portions.
Losing weight – when you have prediabetes is very important to improve your metabolism. Do not eat large portions of food and eat more healthily. Scientists have shown that 5-10% reduction in total body weight improves prediabetic and help prevent type 2 diabetes.
Exercise – physical activity helps increase energy levels that people with prediabetes can have quite low. Even though people with prediabetes will not lose weight with physical activity can reverse insulin resistance. However that should not be overly intense exercise.
Walking or short walks may be sufficient for those who have never played sport for a long time. Intensity and duration of exercise should be gradually increased.
Food supplements – there are several types of supplements that may help control blood sugar levels and insulin function which improves engineering. To improve prediabetes, which must contain: alpha-lipoic acid, R-alpha-lipoic acid with biotin, chromium, thistle, magnesium, vitamin D, sortisoara, ginseng, stevia, bitter melon etc..
Regular Investigation – may sometimes be necessary to administer the medications used to treat diabetes, such as metformin and acarbose, and specific medication to manage cholesterol and high blood pressure.