Menstrual pain causes discomfort, from mild discomfort to severe pain and are commonly found in women aged between 20 and 24 years. After 1-2 years of this age, hormone levels decrease and menstrual pain may decrease in intensity.Menstrual pain usually occur just before or early menstrual cycle. Form of cramping pains in the lower abdomen, back or thighs. May be accompanied by headache (headache), diarrhea or constipation, nausea, dizziness or faintness (fainting).
To decrease the intensity of menstrual pain indicate:
- application of heat on the abdomen using a heating pads, hot water bottles to a hot bath or, heat improves blood flow and may decrease pelvic pain
Easy-position lifting legs stretched and placing a pillow under your knees
- position on one side, with knees pulled to chest position decreases pressure on the back
- sexual activity: intensity may decrease back pain and pelvic cramps
- external-use pads instead of tampons, regular exercise, which improves blood flow and may decrease pain.
Drugs without a prescription
Drugs that do not require a prescription, can also be effective in controlling menstrual pain:
- anti-inflammatory non-steroidal drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen: decrease menstrual cramps and pain by lowering levels of a mediator called prostaglandin
- if NSAIDs do not help, you can try acetaminophen.
- painkillers: can be taken at the start of discomfort or even the day before the start of the menstrual cycle.
Medicines should be taken as long as they were present without being given pain medication.
Pregnant or trying to become pregnant should consult their doctor before using any medication. Women under 20 should avoid aspirin because of the risk of developing Reye’s syndrome (liver and brain damage occurred after consumption of aspirin).