Typology of mammary tumors and their treatment
Mammary tumors are the most common classify benign and malignant tumors. Benign tumors are the fibroadenoma, hamartom, intraductal papilloma and simple breast cysts.
Malignant tumors, breast cancer, clinical and histological take different forms. Another classification of mammary tumors is in solid tumors and tumors with fluid (breast cysts). Most breast cancers are solid tumors. Breast cysts are rarely malignant. Patient is not readily differentiate between a benign and a malignant.
Therefore, a woman who discovers a breast lump should be referred to a surgeon or oncologist to consult and to be guided by laboratory investigations required. A specialist examination and imaging examinations can be highly suggestive of a benign or malignant and can in some cases inconclusive.
However, the only way to differentiate benign tumors of cancer is microscopic examination of fragments of tumor. These can be obtained by imaging-guided biopsy or after surgery.
Not proved a cause for the occurrence of breast fibroadenomnului (criminalizing causes hormonal). Mammary tumors can not be prevented by current knowledge. Except for female sex and age are all risk factors incriminated minors. Women should be encouraged and supported to breastfeed as long a period.
Patients with clinical diagnosis of breast fibroadenoma were until recently undergone surgery, tumorectomie, sectorectomie breast. Surgical excision involves, of course, direct costs (anesthesia, surgery block, sometimes hospitalization) and indirect (the period of convalescence, postoperative recovery, subsequent medical visits evacuatory cavity puncture postsectorectomie).
Unimportant when superficial lymph tumorectomiilor for, impaired ductal system is taken into account with any sectorectomii or a tumorectorii that target deeper formations located. Do not forget that fibroadenoma generally affects young women during childbearing. Changes in plan dimensions depend aesthetic tumor of the breast, node position, the surgeon’s experience and, not least, the quality of patient tissues. Surgical excision provide definitive treatment of injury but also allows histological confirmation.
Crioablatia is a treatment method that destroys fibroadenoma and is a classic alternative to surgery. Use extreme cold temperatures to completely destroy tissue. The method has proven effective and has been used for decades to treat benign and malignant tumors of the prostate, liver and other organs. Today technology and are optimized procedure for the treatment of breast fibroadenoma. The doctor uses ultrasound to guide a small probe in fibroadenoma, after local anesthesia.
Extremely low temperatures are used to destroy the target node. Resulting procedure is comfortable and painless as low temperature acts as an anesthetic and numbs the area. The surgery usually lasts 15 minutes. No sutures are required. The skin incision is closed with adhesive tape (Steri-strips). Most women resume their work or other activities immediately.
Fibroadenoma cells will be destroyed during the procedure crioablatie. The body will absorb these cells destroyed over time. The area remains palpable (will feel) while the body naturally reabsorbed damaged cells. Of tissue resorption time is variable, depending on the initial nodule size and other factors.
Crioablatia is a safe and effective treatment of breast fibroadenoma. Thus, a simple procedure ecoghidata, held in ambulatory can remove the fear of living with a breast tumor. Furthermore, breast size and shape are not affected because treated tissue is gradually reabsorbed.