Contact lenses are the ideal alternative to glasses. They are comfortable to wear, easy to handle and changed the lives of millions of people. Also they can be an alternative to laser surgery to correct vision.
Wearing contact lenses you can enjoy the freedom that we provide, whether it is the social life of sport activities or the confidence to leave home without glasses.Basically, this gives us a natural view offering unlimited field of view than glasses, whose field of vision is more limited, more than you can combine aesthetic benefits, increased or changing the color of the iris, with the medical through colored lenses with diopters .
Due to tremendous progress in this area, now contact lenses are very soft, thin and flexible, and, another key issue – retain moisture for comfort.
How to choose the right contact lenses?
When you decide to try contact lenses you should ask the ophthalmologist / optometrist, which are supposed to address a series of simple questions to find and recommend the best options for your eyes and your lifestyle. Then you will be informed of this on the options available and perform a series of examinations before trial respective lenses.
Ophthalmologist or optometrist will explain and teach you how to handle (application and removal) and how to properly care of contact lenses. Eye control is necessary even when you want to wear cosmetic contact lenses to change the color of the iris, not just medical contact lenses.
It is essential that contact lenses be prescribed by a specialist following a thorough consultation as there are diseases of the eye such as dry eye, allergies, infections of the eye (conjunctivitis, keratitis) where contact lenses are contraindicated.
In addition do not recommend wearing contact lenses by those who spend more time in dust, sand, fumes due to the risk of eye infection or interfere feeling “dry eye”.
Types of contact lenses
After their frequent replacement contact lenses are divided into: daily contact lenses (disposable) contact lenses week (replace lens to 2 weeks) and monthly contact lens (lens is replaced every 30 days) .
Monthly contact lenses can be further divided into:
- Daily wear lenses – the end of the day before bed take them out and put them in a storage container with lenses maintenance solution, followed the next day again be applied.
- Extended wear lenses – they are worn overnight until the end of the conversation as recommended by the specialist.
Daily contact lenses are the most recommended by experts because it is the healthiest way to eliminate the negative effect of deposits on a daily basis as with other lenses, as they apply morning and evening before bed are removed and apply a new lens throw the following day.
Basically wearing contact lenses daily to minimize the risk of eye infections, while being extremely easy to apply and worn by those who lead a very active life.
Thanks to innovations in recent years, astigmatism no longer a barrier to wearing contact lenses and enjoy the libertarian provided by contact lenses for astigmatism or toric contact lenses.
For people over 45, can intervene need an additional reading, namely presbyopia. With the aid of contact lenses are different ways to correct presbyopia. One of them is “a single eye visual correction” which ophthalmologist / optometrist uses different diopters in both eyes, working well for patients with presbyopia younger, around 45 years.
In addition to those patients with presbyopia shell and special lenses, called multifocal or bifocal contact lenses. Their area shows specific areas for distance and near, allowing clear vision in variable lighting conditions. These lenses contact lenses to correct presbyopia may be an alternative for current contact lens wearers, but also for those who wear glasses for reading or those who are not willing to start wearing glasses nearby.
Also can be mentioned conventional contact lenses, which are lenses with a period of one year behavior but with a diopter power range extended.
The colored contact lens may also be:
- Cosmetic Contact Lenses (enhanced or iris color change without diopters)
- Medical contact lenses colored (corrected vision)
Are contact lenses suitable for children a choice?
Contact lenses are recommended for children because they are very active and glasses are a convenient choice for various recreational activities. Children may be good candidates for this type of visual correction they may be highly motivated, asptect that would cause you to follow the advice ophthalmologist, but they are able to care for their contact lenses whether they are supervised or not.
There are many reasons that justify wearing contact lenses by children and adolescents because they have a active lifestyle, play, participate in sports and are generally more time moving than adults.
Following a study on a sample of approximately 500 children with myopia for more than three years, those who have worn contact lenses were more satisfied on physical appearance, ability to participate in various sports but also how that are seen by friends, compared with those who wear glasses.
Regarding the age of the children, there is a rule to wear contact lenses, ie, when the children are old enough to understand the issues but hygiene and care of contact lenses, it is most favorable to start wearing them.
Support of parents is also very important, and motivation of children is a key factor in choosing the right time to start wearing lenses. In general girls are more interested in contact lenses than boys because they are motivated by physical appearance, while boys tend to be more motivated by the desire to practice sports without bother with eye glasses.
Care and cleaning of contact lenses
Hand washing is the first step before handling contact lenses, whether it is the application, removal or cleaning them, or any other material on the hands, bacteria, micro-organisms can ajnge the lens.
Anti-bacterial soaps are preferable to traditional solid spunurilor and to avoid contamination Rinse excess soap completely hands. Hands must always be dried with a lint free towel, because they do not reach the contacts.
Contact lenses worn (except daily or disposable) should be cleaned and disinfected before wearing to avoid any risk of their surface deposition of substances naturally present in the tear film components (proteins, lipids), and germs that can lead to the emergence of pathogenic bacteria.
Correct cleaning and rinsing contact lenses eliminate 90% of bacteria that settle on their surface. The most suitable for cleaning and disinfection of soft contact lenses is immediately after removing them reapply.
This is usually done by placing the lens in the palm clean and dry and apply a few drops of maintenance solution, and then using the little finger gently massage the both sides of the contact lens.
Then fill each compartment of the lens storage container maintenance solution, and then insert the lens into the container after you have rinsed thoroughly. Replace storage solution as described in isntructiuni.
Thus after applying lens container must be emptied, rinsed with cleaning solution and allow to dry naturally. Considering that microbes can not multiply in conditions of dry, it must be dry.
Contact lens care solutions are not universal and can not be used regardless of the type of contact lens. Such solutions are highly recommended multipurpose lens care because they can be used for cleansing, disinfecting and rinsing them.
Has a few instructions from their package such as:
- Do not touch the open end of the container in which the solution is because it can infect
- Replace the container lid after use
- Do not forget to check the expiration date.