Acne is one of the most common dermatological diseases. Puberty occurs in almost all individuals have variable severity and usually regresses young adults.
In some cases, however, acne can persist for life.As a visible dermatosis with powerful effects, common in young, psycho-emotional and social impact can often be very strong. Acne can have serious effects on self-esteem and assertiveness, and the social acceptance.
Often, teens who suffer from this skin disease are more withdrawn, sad, anxious, some of them reaching even feel guilty because of physical appearance. The remaining teenagers who also need to affirm the social and be popular among friends can be very tough in the way that treats teens affected by acne.
What exactly is acne?
It is a chronic inflammatory disease of the follicle pilosebaceu, occurring in areas rich in follicles sebacic skin (face, neck, chest, back), characterized by seborrhea and altered keratinization in hair follicles.
Elementary lesions are the comedones (blackheads), inflammatory papules (red bumps on the skin), pustules (pus collection), nodules can coexist with predominantly one or the other.
Juvenile acne, the most common form of acne occurs in about 80% of young people aged 12 to 20 years, according to studies. Of these 85% shows minor or moderate forms and severe forms are more common in boys.
What is causes of acne?
In appearance they are involved a number of factors, including:
Genetic factors – studies have shown that the risk of acne at puberty reach up to 50% if both parents have acne, so our number sebaceous gland activity and reactivity of follicles, are also inherited from parents.
Sebum secretion correlates with the severity of acne sebum secretion, which varies from one area to another, sebaceous gland activity is influenced by male sex hormones.
Hypersecretion of keratin and bacterial proliferation – that lead to inflammation and specific lesions.
Juvenile acne is a result of hormonal changes of the age, not because of poor hygiene, but the latter can be a maintenance or even worse.
Acne can be influenced by many factors: menstrual period (70% of women have premenstrual exacerbation of acne spot), exposure to ultraviolet rays, sweat, stress, exposure to various chemicals, heat, oil, diet – have incriminated excessive consumption of chocolate and some foods high in fat such as “junk food”.
There are several types of acne: depending on whether lesions (neonatal acne, infantile, childhood, juvenile, adult), such lesions predominate (comedoniana, papulopustular, conglobata), severity, induced acne factors external (cosmetic acne, professional, mechanical, chlorine, detergent, etc., acneiform eruptions induced by drugs and other forms of severe acne.
How to treat acne?
The first step is to see your dermatologist. It is able to correctly diagnose acne as appropriate treatment depending on age, skin type and severity of the disease.
In the last 20 years there have been great advances in the treatment of acne. Curative treatment is topical (local) and / or systemic (general), it aimed at reducing seborrhea, normalize keratinization infundibulare and microbial changes, reduced follicular inflammation.
The use of topical retinoids, benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, urea topical antibiotics, systemic treatment with antibiotics until, retinoids, chemical peels with various acids (salicylic, glycolic, Jessner solution, etc.), microdermabrasion, dermaroller and others.
While therapeutic options currently exist for virtually any form of acne, treatment should be adjusted and customized fit for each patient.
It is therefore necessary that patients be properly informed of the nature of their condition, to follow exactly the dermatologist prescribed treatment, treatment which often is prolonged (months to obvious improvement).
Acne lesions (papular-pustular nodules, closed comedones) should not be squeezed home by the patient, it risking to create deep inflammatory lesions and aggravate acne and thus increasing the risk of post-acne scars.
Last but not least, attention must be paid both facial hygiene products, and label the avoidance of discussions and drug systemic use acneigene (eg. – Various cosmetic products such as makeup or foundation that clogs pores aggravate acne).