When a doctor begins an examination, he asked to take the language. Mysteries offered by this can be revealed by some doctors otolaryngology-ists.
If the tongue is covered with some white patches, pills – partially or totally – it is clear that it involved some kind of infection present on the tongue, such as an excessive increase in the number of bacteria or an autoimmune disease, inflammatory. Another possible cause is thrush, which arise as a result of overproduction of candida yeast. Once the infection is treated with anti-fungal medication (topical or oral) tongue will return to its original color.
A healthy tongue should have a pink, so when it is black or dark brown may occur concern. The answer lies in diet that a person consume lifestyle and medications you use. If filiform papillae on the top are elongated tongue can easily paint colors due to the consumption of food, beverages, antibiotics. A side effect of the administration of bismuth is that language can be temporarily black.
Also, anyone drink coffee, smoke or chew tobacco can have brown tongue. The good news is that in both cases, language is just colored shades. Simply brushing should help to blur color for the tongue to return to its normal color. Even if stains are not permanent, you must pay attention to tobacco use because it increases the risk of oral cancer.
Top of the tongue is covered with filiform papillae composed of keratin (the same protein that forms hair), they are not really hair, even looks a little like this. Under normal conditions are not observed, but there are certain situations in which they elongate giving the appearance of hairy tongue. Several factors may be responsible for stimulating paplielor filiform, including bacterial infections, antibiotics or dry mouth.
Ulcers or sores
Canker sores or ulcers in the mouth are small but are extremely painful. They develop especially those genetic predispositions plus and other risk factors such as a cold, fever or excessive consumption of citrus fruits, or biting the tongue. Indicated that their evolution would be pursued.
An ulcer or thrush usually heal within 10 days. Lesions that do not disappear even after this period seem to get worse, could be a sign of oral cancer and should be examined by a doctor as soon as possible.
Irregular surface of the tongue
Filiform papillae are normally slightly prominent, but sometimes red and inflamed. As with ulcers, as long as the return to normal after a few days, inflammation is not a symptom of more serious diseases. If, however, events worsen and does not heal, it could be a sign of oral cancer.
Oral dysesthesia or distortions of perception sensation is a condition whose cause is supposed to be eating foods that cause temporary burning sensation. Symptoms of burning, discomfort and pain can affect all mouth, including the tongue. The sensation can be constant and may come and go throughout the day. It is not known exactly why but this syndrome is more common in women in post-menopausal women.
Other possible causes could be bacterial infections, dryness of the mouth (as a side effect of certain medications) and nutritional deficiencies. There is no specific effective treatment for this problem, but can be used to relieve the symptoms: consuming large quantities of water as antidepressants, anxiolytics, chewing gum (to combat dryness of the mouth).
Discolored tongue and soft
A person with low iron values, tongue may look soft and discolored. This is because blood can not carry enough oxygen to keep the tissues red. Due to the lack of oxygen in the blood, all tissues, including language, lose color.