Treatments for acne offers many alternatives to eliminate this common skin problem among teenagers and adults.
Medicines, serums, creams and other products designed to treat unsightly eruptions must be adapted to the type of acne you are dealing with varying depending on the presence of pimples, whiteheads and blackheads or cystic lesions.
While acne can not be cured completely, testing several modern treatments help prevent its recurrence.
A derivative of vitamin A, isotretinoin may prevent long-term acne and is recommended for treating severe acne. The drug works by reducing sebaceous gland hyperactivity whose favor the formation of pimples.
Isotretinoin may be issued only by prescription, as it has a number of contraindications and side effects dangerous conditions improperly. The substance can cause liver damage or defects (in pregnant women). Women undergoing treatment with isotretinoin should be monitored monthly by a professional.
In young women, birth control pills can be an effective treatment for acne because the hormones that regulate skin predispose to excessive sebum secretions. In this case, only your doctor can determine the type and dose birth control that they are managed, because complications can occur if patients who suffer from migraines or blood clotting disorders (especially in terms of cigarette consumption).
Several laser can treat acne in different ways, this form of treatment proved to be more promising due to technological advances. Laser therapy that emits white light of low intensity red and blue light has the effect of eliminating the bacteria that cause acne breakouts on the skin. Pulsed light simultaneously attacking bacteria and shrinks the sebaceous glands to reduce sebum production.
Diode laser destroys sebaceous glands in the dermis, the thick middle layer of the skin without damaging the top layer of skin tissue. In this case, the procedure may cause pain, redness and swelling it after each treatment session.
Chemical peels and microdermabrasion
Severe cases of acne (cystic lesions and nodules) that can not be kept under control by other conventional methods of treatment interventions as required. In the first phase, chemical peels and microdermabrasion can give results, but if they fail, can call on Fraction Laser Resurfacing for skin resurfacing.
These procedures aim essentially to remove the top layer of damaged skin tissue and expose the layer of skin regenerated, smoother. Side effects include redness and inflammation. Healing can begin after a few days of treatment (up to 10 days), but it may be necessary to make more interventions.
Benzoyl peroxide topically applied
Creams, gels and lotions applied topically are effective treatments for mild acne that is used topically on the affected areas. But an affordable alternative to benzoyl peroxide However, in liquid or solid form (soap), used to clean the face. Has antibacterial, preventing pimples.
Also benzoyl peroxide is used as an ingredient in creams, lotions and gels, applied on the acne twice a day. Are possible side effects such as skin dryness, flaking of the treated and installation stinging or tingling. Results may occur after six weeks of using benzoyl peroxide.
Salicylic acid applied topically
Also for mild cases of acne, salicylic acid may be used as effective treatment. It is a type of beta hydroxy acid that gently exfoliates and cleanses skin deep pores blocked by sebum, dead cells and impurities.
Since it has no effect on the excessive production of sebum, salicylic acid must be applied regularly to maintain pores. Introduced in many acne creams and lotions ingredient can cause skin dryness and increased sensitivity of skin tissue before exposure to sunlight.
Derivatives of vitamin A, retinoids are useful in treating and preventing acne light because their action cleaning obstruct pores (which can cause blackheads and pimples).
Also, retinoids also have anti-inflammatory, but can cause excessive drying of the skin, peeling, burning installation and increase skin sensitivity to the sun.
This substance kills bacteria that infect pores and break down keratin, a protein produced by the skin which can obstruct the pores of the skin. Azelaic acid creams applied topically twice daily, providing the first results after about a month of constant use.
Among the possible side effects of azelaic acid include dry and peeling skin, burning sensations, irritation and itching. In rare cases, the substance can cause loss of skin pigment tissue.
Mild acne can be treated with topical antibiotics administered in parallel with retinoids and benzoyl peroxide for a better control of bacteria.
Clindamycin and erythromycin are the antibiotics usually prescribed as a treatment for acne side effects limited to local irritation.
If the acne does not respond to topical treatments, your dermatologist may prescribe oral antibiotics doxycycline, tetracycline, minocycline etc. Some possible side effects include nausea, sensitivity to sunlight, dizziness and headache.