Body’s main source of energy is glucose. This is digesting sugars and carbohydrates as a source of food that is transferred into the blood and transported to body cells. Glucose that is not used immediately is stored in the liver and is called glycogen.
The amount of glucose in the blood is controlled by a number of hormones (glucagon, insulin primary cortisol, epinephrine, growth hormones) whose level increases or decreases to keep blood sugar content in the optimal range (euglycemia). An important role is insulin, which stimulates the body cells to absorb or release glucose / blood, respectively. If hypoglycemia – blood sugar is low amounts and lowers the amount of insulin released.
Hyperglycemia means high sugar content in the blood, which will increase the amount of insulin in the blood. When you decrease the amount of insulin, glucagon stimulates the liver to convert stored glycogen, into glucose and releases it into the bloodstream, reaching normal sugar levels.
Low blood sugar is determined by:
- Genetic metabolic problems
- Health problems that affect sugar metabolism in the body
- Drugs, excess insulin medications
- Artificial hypoglycemia resulting from use of insulin and medications ineadecvate
- Hypoglycemia food – through passage of stomach contents into the intestine faster
- Spontaneous reactive hypoglycemia.
Symptoms of hypoglycaemia mainly reflect their effects on the nervous system and brain. These symptoms are different depending on the level of hypoglycemia:
- Mild hypoglycaemia – nausea, agitation and irritability, hunger, cold skin, wet traspiratie excessive tremors, tachycardia, numbness of fingers and lips
- Moderate hypoglycemia (can affect the brain) – ambivalent feelings, inability to concentrate, dizziness, headache, vision through fog, fatigue, weakness, lack of coordination, speech and walking difficult
- Severe hypoglycemia (affecting the brain) – hypothermia, coma, convulsions.
Depending on the type of hypoglycemia, the treatment is administered as follows:
- Acute hypoglycemia – involves consuming food or drink sweet, injecting a concentrated dose of blood glucose or glucagon injection to stimulate the action of glucose stored in the liver and blood
- Chronic hypoglycemia – the treatment is different depending on what causes hypoglycemia (diseases of liver, pancreas, stomach, kidney failure, etc..) And requires medical treatment to resolve these cases but specific diet and low exercise difficult.
Home Treatment consists of a special attention to health by raising awareness of the symptoms that predict low blood sugar content and acting now.