Vulgaris Acne, popularly called acne is a common skin condition that occurs when sebum (oily secretion, sebaceous gland oil) and dead skin cells clog the pores. Clogging skin pores cause stains that are often red and swollen.Mild form of acne is characterized by the appearance of a few red spots, called comedones. Severe acne consists of hundreds of pimples or lesions that can cover the face, neck, chest and back. While mild acne is just annoying, severe acne can lead to mental and emotional disorders.
Most commonly affected are teenagers. More than 85% are at least a mild form of the disease. In most cases, acne disappears around the age of 20 years, but some people, most women can have acne up to 40-50 years.
During adolescence, clogging pores is the most common cause of acne. During puberty, serum levels of hormones increase and cause increased secretion of sebum. The role of sebum is to maintain moisture. Acne occurs when sebum mixes with dead skin cells.
This mixture block pores, which causes bacterial infection that seeps into surrounding tissues. The result is the appearance comedoamelor (pimples) red, swollen and filled with pus.
Contrary to popular legend, the consumption of foods high in fat or chocolate does not cause acne.
Symptoms and signs include acne “pimples” black or white, which can occur on the face, neck, shoulders, back or chest. Cystic lesions are comedones some larger and deeper located. They may become painful, can become infected and lead to scarring.
Acne Treatment is a long treatment. Progress can occur even after 8 weeks of starting it. Usually, acne gets worse before improving – even during treatment. Fortunately, the treatment is often effective. Wash with mild soap or nonprescription products such as lotions benzoyl peroxide, control and prevent injuries in cases of mild acne. If they are not effective, consult a dermatologist who will prescribe certain creams and lotions. They may contain antibiotics or other drugs.
Your doctor may prescribe topical lotions (with topical use) of benzoyl peroxide even in moderate or severe cases of acne. Antibiotics administered orally can be used also in the treatment of acne. It is possible that treatment be established both lotions and oral antibiotics. This combination is more effective than monotherapy (use of a single drug or cream). Also, this combination reduces the risk of developing antibiotic resistance.
In case of nodules – injuries increased consistency, inflamed and painful – the doctor recommended that the first intention treatment cream or lotion based topical vitamin A (retinoid cream or lotion). In these cases it is recommended and a cream containing antibiotics or oral antibiotics.
In cases of severe acne, with deep nodules and cystic lesions, doctors recommend where other treatments are ineffective, an oral retinoid such as isotretinoin. Although this treatment is very effective, doctors use it as cover art treatment because isotretinoin can cause side effects that are rare although there are some serious.
Possible side effects include:
- Increase cholesterol levels
- Congenital anomalies
A single dose of isotretinoin administered to a pregnant woman can cause severe birth defects.
Doctors also used to treat acne, laser therapy or where (rays) of light. Light wave therapy, which uses high-intensity blue light was approved by the FDS (Food and Drug Administration). This therapy is effective in cases of mild to moderate acne, when other treatments have been ineffective.