Dermatitis can be translated simply as an inflammation of the skin, but this condition is characterized by a variety of symptoms such as dry skin, redness (red skin), pruritus (itching), scabs and other exfoliative lesions, papules (lesions flare, raised ), blisters (lesions with fluid). There are several types of dermatitis, depending on the trigger, but their treatment is somewhat similar.
Types of dermatitis
This form of dermatitis is characterized by the appearance of pink-red spots, itchy (with itchy) or nepruriginoase caused by contact with certain objects, plants, animals or substances. Plants are most commonly incriminated in determining the lesions of dermatitis (poison ivy or oak). Some vegetables, fruits, herbs or ground may cause skin irritation. Chemical irritants most commonly incriminated in causing contact dermatitis are detergents, soap, chlorine, synthetic materials, nail polish, acetone, antiperspirants, formaldehyde (used in chemical industry).
It is a form of dermatitis that the foma lesions of erythematous plaques (the size of small coins), located in the upper limbs, hands, legs and torso. It is more common among men between the ages of 55 and 65.
Among the factors that predispose to the development of this form of dermatitis are:
- Warm and dry environment
- Hot showers and baths
- Associated skin disorders.
Atopic dermatitis also known as the eczema is a common form of dermatitis that cause itchy skin lesions (itchy), which may progress to bullous erythematous lesions and even (with fluid). Atopic dermatitis is a genetically transmitted disease, family and is also associated with allergens, asthma or stress.
It is a form of dermatitis showing erythematous lesions or yellowish tegumetare that are located in the skin rich in sebaceous glands (scalp, skin, genital, underarm, or facial skin submamara region). Seborrheic dermatitis is caused by an excessive secretion of the sebaceous glands with excretory duct obstruction and accumulation of sebum subtegumentara. This form of dermatitis is most common among infants, the adult is related to general hormonal changes and stress.
This form of dermatitis occur among people with peripheral circulatory insufficiency (varicose veins, arteries, heart, kidney, liver cirrhosis, diabetes mellitus). Insficienta circulatory cause local edema (fluid in the subcutaneous tissues) that may progress to erythema and ulceration.