Multiple sclerosis is a central nervous system disorder that affects the brain, spinal cord and its nerves and muscles that support the spine.
Multiple sclerosis is an inflammatory disease where the white blood cells that fight infection normally penetrate the nervous system and cause various problems.
Multiple sclerosis is a demyelinating disorder because the myelin sheath that protects nerves or nerve fiber is damaged as a result of inflammation. When this happens, nerves can not conduct electrical impulses as well as it should do and appear various symptoms. It is possible that events occur and subside in time (for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis) or may progress (progressive MS). However, multiple sclerosis is a disease that persists for long periods of time.
There are several warning signs that may indicate a person multiple sclerosis. Unfortunately, these signs often go unnoticed.
MS diagnosis is difficult to establish. Not only that the condition is unpredictable, but it is difficult to recognize.
There are more than 50 signs and symptoms that might indicate the presence of multiple sclerosis in a person, including numbness, depression, blurred vision and fatigue. Depending on the severity of these events, depends on the type of treatment to be instituted.
Signs and symptoms of multiple sclerosis
- Hearing problems – hearing difficulties are a symptom surprising and less common in people with multiple sclerosis. Only about 6% of those diagnosed with MS have hearing problems. These can range from mild hearing loss sudden decrease it. In fact, sudden deafness may be the first sign of multiple sclerosis. However, this is not a typical symptom of multiple sclerosis, because it could be misinterpreted.
- Vertigo – Vertigo is a common symptom of multiple sclerosis enough (occurs in about 20% of patients). Vertigo is uncomfortable and can be accompanied by nervousness or anxiety. Fortunately, this is not a permanent event and does not indicate any specific injury or inflammation of multiple sclerosis. In addition, vertigo may have other causes than multiple sclerosis.
- Bladder dysfunction – People with multiple sclerosis may suffer from urinary incontinence or involuntary loss of urine. Because this problem is quite embarrassing, patients may not report to your doctor early. However, even this can be treated. There are many excellent treatment options available to treat bladder dysfunction, including behavioral and dietary approaches.
- Tremor – Tremor is one of the most unpleasant symptoms of multiple sclerosis. Nearly 37% of patients with multiple sclerosis face trembling. If 56% of them shaking hands was found in 10% trembling legs, head shaking at 9% and 7% shake the trunk. These patients, the doctor might prescribe some medications that could relax. One way to improve specific tremor of multiple sclerosis is a physiotherapist therapy to strengthen muscles.
- Sexual Dysfunction – Research has shown that over 63% of people with MS have a less intense sexual activity because after spinal nerve damage affected the brain sends signals to the genitals. Men can suffer from erectile dysfunction or delayed ejaculation and female sexual problems including vaginal dryness and loss of local sensitivity. Lack of sex can be a common problem, which may decrease self-esteem of patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. There are many medications available to relieve sexual problems for both men and women.
- Numbness and tingling – These are some of the most common symptoms of multiple sclerosis. Quite a few people with multiple sclerosis reported paraesthesia, a specific form of numbness and tingling that accompanies multiple sclerosis.
- Depression – between depression and multiple sclerosis there is a complicated relationship, as they can aggravate each other. Depression includes many of the symptoms of multiple sclerosis and is often difficult to tell the difference between the two. It is important that diagnosis and treatment are correct.
- Headaches – Although headache is not a specific symptom of disease, some studies show that women are more susceptible, unlike men, to headaches. For amelioraea pain medication can be used without a prescription. However, your doctor may offer the best solution in this regard.
- Difficulty swallowing – People diagnosed with multiple sclerosis can register difficulty swallowing or dysphagia, especially if affected brainstem. Some of the sick, food or beverages may stop in the esophagus, while others may have problems with chewing and can choke when they eat or drink. Swallowing problems may occur before disease diagnosis and initiation of therapy as the disease progresses times. The researchers reported that approximately one third of patients may have trouble swallowing. This drawback can be solved with a therapist who will teach the patient new ways that could swallow. In severe cases, it may be necessary to introduce a feeding tube into the stomach.
- Problems with thinking, learning and planning – About half of those diagnosed with MS have problems with learning, thinking and planning (cognitive dysfunction), in the early stages of the disease. They can experience:
- problems understanding and using language
- short attention span
- trouble learning and remembering new information (usually long-term memory is not affected)
- difficulties with visual information processing, planning and problem solving
- weight to solve problems involving reasoning.