What is autism spectrum disorder
There are different forms of autism, which have varied symptoms. These were differentiated and called autistic spectrum disorders.
The number of cases of autism is increasing and autistic spectrum disorders affect more children.Is very important autism spectrum disorders early diagnosis because the rapid detection of the condition will determine appropriate therapy. Early treatment helps to restore and improve communication skills and social.
Signs of autism spectrum disorders
Autism spectrum disorder affects three different areas of a child’s life:
- social interaction
- verbal and nonverbal communication
- self-care behaviors.
Each child who suffers from autism spectrum disorder will have its own model and individual manifestation of autism. In some cases, child development can be delayed from birth.
In other cases, the child with autism previously developed normally and suddenly loses its social and communication skills. In some children predominate language problems, the others present the social or unusual behavior.
Parents are the ones who notice that something is wrong with their kids. However, the diagnosis of autism is often set too late. Parents may minimize this doctor early signs of autism. They can hope and optimistically suggested that it is not just a trivial phase or delay development. Children may suffer from autistic spectrum disorders should be evaluated by a team of professionals with experience in diagnosing autism.
Types of autism spectrum disorders
There exist three main types of autism spectrum disorders and two rare conditions
- Asperger syndrome
- Non-specific pervasive developmental disorder
- Autism (Kanner sindormul)
- Rett Syndrome
- Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (childhood)
The mildest form of autism is Asperger syndrome. It affects boys three times more often than girls. Children diagnosed with Asperger syndrome can be obsessively interested in a single object or topic.
They often learn all about their favorite subject and talk about it constantly. However, their social skills are significantly impaired. They are often distracted and have difficulty coordinating physical movements. As children mature Asperger syndrome, increases the risk of anxiety and depression.
Pervasive nonspecific developmental disorder
This alternative diagnosis apply to most children with autism spectrum disorders. Children whose form is more severe autism than Asperger syndrome, but not as severe as autism will be diagnosed with nonspecific pervasive developmental disorder.
Symptoms vary greatly from one case to another, which makes it quite difficult to generalize. In general, compared to other kids who suffer from autism spectrum disorders in patients with non-specific pervasive developmental disorder can be observed:
- Impairment of social interaction
- Better language skills than children with autism but not as developed as those diagnosed with Asperger syndrome
- Fewer repetitive behaviors than those seen in children with Asperger syndrome or autism
- An older age of onset of the condition.
However, no two children with non-specific pervasive developmental disorder whose manifestations are exactly the same. Therefore, there is clear and firm diagnostic criteria for this disorder autism spectrum. However, professionals evaluate a child suspected symptoms of autism spectrum disorder believe that when a child does not meet all the diagnostic criteria for classic autism, pervasive disorder may suffer from nonspecific development.
Autism or Kanner syndrome
Children who meet specific criteria to diagnose autism autism or Kanner’s syndrome. They recorded several severe deficiencies involving both social involvement and language, as well as a series of repetitive behaviors. Often, they have mental retardation and seizures.
It is one of two severe forms of autism spectrum disorders. This condition is rare and almost exclusively affects girls. Between the ages of 6 and 18 months, the child no longer interact socially hands no longer move normally and lose language skills.
Coordination problems that can deteriorate as time passes. Rett syndrome is caused usually by a genetic mutation. Mutation occurs randomly, not necessarily inherited. Treatment focuses on physical therapy and speech therapy to stimulate and develop in order to improve language function.
Childhood Disintegrative Disorder
This is the worst autism spectrum disorder. After a period of normal development, usually between 2-4 years old child suffering from this condition lose their social skills, language and a range of intellectual abilities. Many times, the child develops seizures. These children rarely may recover lost function. Boys are affected more often than girls.
Early diagnosis and treatment help children with autism, depending on the severity of the disease to develop to their fullest potential. The goal of treatment is to improve overall operational capacity of the child.
Symptoms and behaviors of autistic spectrum disorders may be different and vary in severity. Also, individual symptoms and behaviors affected children may change over time. For these reasons, treatment strategies should be tailored to individual needs and available family resources.
Most children diagnosed with autism respond best to structured and specialized treatment. The best results were obtained with treatments that have as a program that can address both parents, and improve communication, social development, behavioral, adaptive and learning abilities of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders.